Many investment products consider environmental, social and governance (ESG) ratings, either at the initial construction phase or as part of the ongoing management process. But what are the investment implications of using ESG ratings?
Andreas Zingg, Head of Multi-Asset Solutions, Vanguard Europe, explains why the risk and return characteristics are different for ESG building blocks – and how advisers can take this into account when constructing portfolios for clients with ESG preferences.
Jan-Carl Plagge, Global Head of Active-Passive Portfolio Research, Investment Strategy Group, Vanguard Europe, explores the part that differences in industry allocations between ESG funds and the broader equity market play in explaining ESG fund performance.
Climate change is a complex risk that presents physical, societal and economic challenges to countries around the world. In this second of two Q&As, John Galloway, global head of Vanguard Investment Stewardship, discusses Vanguard’s views on climate change and the role that effective stewardship can play throughout the energy transition to encourage companies to mitigate the financial threat to long-term investors.